Pratapgarh District GK in Hindi प्रतापगढ़ जिला Rajasthan GK in HindiHere we are providing Rajasthan gk in hindi for upcoming exams in rajasthan. rajasthan gk questions with answers in hindi, rajasthan gk hindi, rajasthan gk notes in hindi. Rajasthan Gk in Hindi MCQ DOwnload.
Pratapgarh District GK in Hindi प्रतापगढ़ जिला Rajasthan GK in Hindi
Pratapgarh: History, Geography, Places
Location, Area & Administration of Pratapgarh:
Pratapgarh is situated in the south-eastern part of Rajasthan, located at 24.03° N 74.78° E with an average elevation of 580 meters. It is surrounded by Udaipur, Banswara and Chittorgarh districts of Rajasthan and Ratlam, Mandsaur and Neemuch districts of Madhya Pradesh.
Pratapgarh has an area of 4,117 square meters, which is divided into 5 tehsils, namely , Arnod, Chhoti Sadri, Dhariawad, Peepal Khoont and Pratapgarh.
History of Pratapgarh:
In the 14th century, Maharana Kumbha (1433–1468) ruled ruled mewar with capital at Chittorgarh. Due to a dispute, Kumbha expelled his younger brother Kshemkarn (1437–1473), from his territory. Kshemkarn’s family too refuge in the Aravali ranges, in the southernmost part of Mewar regime.
In 1514, Kshemkarn’s son Prince Surajmal (1473–1530) became the ruler of Devalia (Devgarh) and established his capital of ‘Kanthal-Desh‘ at Dewaliya (also called Devgarh).
As the climate of Devgarh was not found to be suitable by the royal family, one of the descendants of Surajmal, Maharawat Pratapsingh of 10th generation (1673–1708) started to build a new town near native village Devgarh in 1689–1699 and named it as Partapgarh,
At that time, the area of Pratapgarh was reported to be about 889 square miles, whereas Dhariyawad, another small town near Pratapgarh, was founded by Rana Sahasmal, the grandson of legendary Maharana Pratap in the mid 15th century.
Rulers of Pratapgarh:
- Soorajmal (1473–1530)
- Founded Dewaliya, predecessor to Pratapgarh.
- Bagh Singh (1530–1535),
- Rai Singh (1535–1552),
- Vikram Singh (1552–1563),
- Tej Singh (1563–1593),
- Bhanu Singh (1593–1597),
- Singha (1597–1628),
- Jaswant Singh (1628)
- Hari Singh (1628–1673)
- Maharawat Pratap Singh (1673–1708),
- Founder Pratapgarh
- Prithwi Singh (1708–1718),
- Sangram Singh (1718–1719)
- Ummed Singh (1719–1721)
- Gopal Singh (1721–1756)
- Saalim Singh (1756–1774)
- Obtained written permission from the then Mughal king Shah Alam II to introduce a local currency for his state and named it as Saalimshahi-Sikka (coin), which was made in a local mint-(Partabgarh-Taksal).
- Maharawat Saamant Singh (1774–1844)
- North-western part of this region had very dense forests, a separate state forest department in 1828, was created to manage state’s exceptionally rich forest-wealth.
- Maharawat Dalpat singh (1844–1864)
- Maharawat Uday Singh (1864–1890)
- Introduced some reforms, established civil courts, started relief works during the notorious Great Famine of 1876-78, opened fair price shops for the citizens and also exempted certain civilian taxes.
- Uday Singh built a new palace in Pratapgarh for himself in the year 1867 AD more or less on the lines of those built by the Britishers and started living there.
- Maharawat Raghunath Singh (1890–1929)
- Maharawat Sir Ram Singh (1929–1940)
- Ambika Pratap Singh (1940–1948)
- Who lives in Pune after leaving his native place.
Just after the independence of India in 1947, the princely state of Pratapgarh agreed to join Union of India on a condition that it must be declared as newly independent district in Rajasthan. Pratapgarh remained as an independent district between 1948 and 1952. However, due to reconstitution of district boundaries, Pratapgarh became part of the Nimbahera district and then of Chittorgarh.
After 56 years, On 26th January, 2008 Pratapgarh was announced to be an 33rd independent district of Rajasthan after taking Pratapgarh, Arnod and Chhoti Sadri tehsils from Chittorgarh district, Peepal Khoont from Banswara district and Dhariyawad from Udaipur district.
Historical Places of Pratapgarh:
Devgarh is located in Pratapgarh sub-divsion on a small hill. It is also known as “Devliya”. This palace is surrounded by small hills and situatated at average elevation of 1809 feet from sea level. Rajmahal, old Bawadia, Jain temples are located in Devgarh. A famous temple of “Beejamata” is also situated here, where a fair takes place every year.
A temple of lord Raghunath is placed in Rajmahal itself, where a solar clock is placed on the top of it. The clock tells time according to the light of sun. The Palace and its vicinity also contain some ponds including Tejsagar and Sonela.
Bhanwar Mata Temple
Bhanwar Mata temple was built by King Gori of “Manvaiyani genus” in year 491 AD. Temple is also known as “Bhanwar Mata Shakti Peeth”. It is located in Chhoti Sadri Teshsil of Pratapgarh district.
Culture of Pratapgarh:
Thewa is a special art of jewelry making which involves embossing of intricately worked-out sheet gold on molten glass. It evolved in Pratapgarh. Its origin dates back to the Mughal age. Thewa is a traditional art of fusing 23K Gold with multi-coloured glass. The glass is treated by a special process to have glittering effects, which in turn highlights the intricate gold work.
Nathu ji Soni invented the process; the secrets of the craft that passed directly from father to son over the generations remains it in the family only, who call themselves ‘Raj-Sonis’. Many of the members from this family have been awarded by UNESCO, National & State Government.
Fairs & Festivals of Pratapgarh:
The major fairs of this region are- Ambamata Fair, Sita Mata Fair, Gautameshwara Fair (on ‘Vaishak-Poornima’) and Bhanwar Mata Fair. Fairs on stipulated dates are also held in small places like Shaulee-Hanumanjee, Gangeshwara-Parsola, Manaa-Gaon, and Gupteshwara Mahadev in and around Pratapgarh.
- Doondhotsava is celebrated on Holi. The people of city do not celebrate “Dhulendi’ on the following day after Holi , but Dhuledi is celebrated thirteen days after on the hindu day of “Rang Teras”.
- ‘Gair‘-Dancers can be seen all over the villages during ‘Dashaamaataa‘ festival.
- A procession of folk-God Baba Ramdevji is a regular feature on ‘Bhag-Dashmee Teej‘.
- ‘Sheetalaa Saptmee‘ is also observed in the district, when only “Makki-Dhoklas” (cooked before a day prior to the festival) are consumed.
Geography of Pratapgarh:
The district is characterized by undulating topography. The topography of the area is undulating because of the confluence of three different geological formations- Malwa Plateau, Vindhyachal Hills and Aravali ranges. The western, and southern parts are generally plain area. Hills are scattered in Chhoti Sadri, Dhariawad, Peepalkhoont and Pratapgarh tehsils.
The soil is mainly highly fertile Black Cotton Soil made of magma of volcanos.
The major rivers of the district are Jakham, Mahi, and Siwana or shiv. Other seasonal rivers are Som, Era, and Karmoi.
The climate of Pratapgarh is characterized by Sub-tropical dry climate with distinct hot summer, cold winter and rainy monsoon. The highest temperature goes avove 43°C in May-June and the lowest up to 6 °C in December-January. The district also experiences average rainfall during the period from June-September
Natural Places in Pratapgarh:
Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary:
The thickly wooded Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary sprawls over both the Aravali ranges and the Malwa plateau, with three seasonal rivers flowing through the forest. It covers 423 square km area of mainly dry deciduous vegetation and has exceptionally rich flora and fauna.
It is the only forest region, where more than half the trees are high building value teak. Salar , Tendu, Bad, Peepal , Neem , Amla, bamboo, Sindoor, chironjee, Rudrakshaand Bel trees are found in abundance. The key fauna of the sanctuary are leopard, hyena, jackal, fox jungle cat, porcupine, spotted deer, wild bear, four horned antelope and nilgai etc. However, Sita Mata Sanctuary is famous for flying squirrel.
Another significant place of interest in the Sanctuary 5 km from ‘Tikhi Magri‘ is ‘Lakhiya Bhata‘, where a series of prehistoric animals is engraved on rocks.
Jakham Reservoir is located at village Anuppura of Pratapgarh. It is constructed on river Jakham, which is tributary of river Mahi.
Natural Resources/Minerals in Pratapgarh:
Non-forest regions of Chhoti Sadri (and part of Pratapgarh and Dhariyawad) have small scale mining activities operations, extracting mainly red ochre, calcite, dolomite, quartz, feldspar and soapstone. Marble, Building-stone and Limestone are also available in small quantities. Their deposits include:
- Limestone deposit is found in Danta-Kela-Mela area Peepal khoot tehsil and it extended to Mahi river.
- Limestone bands are also occurring near village Devla in Dhariyawad tehsil having cement grade.
- Soapstone is found in village Dewla, Lohagarh, Bhungapat, Ambav, Gharda of tehsil Dhariyawad.
- This soap stone is found with dolomite rock and mostly is higher grade from cosmetic to paper grade.
Red Ochre & Laterite:
- Red ochre and laterite is found near village Dhamotar, Gopalpura, Chokdi, Kalyanpura, Dongri in tehsil Pratapgarh and village Narani, Bambori, Sakaria etc in tehsil Chhoti Sadr.
- This mineral is overlaying basalt rock.
- Barite is found near village Peepaliyakhera, Rayanpura, Kulmipura, Manpura, Bhamardai of tehsil Pratapgarh.
- Marble is found near village Deval tehsil Dhariyawad.
- It is of white and grey in colour and blockable in nature.
- It is occurring near village Deval, tehsil Dhariyawad near Pratapgarh and village Kesunda tehsil Choti Sadri.
- Masonry stone is mined from basalt and low grade limestone/dolomite rocks.
- The prominent language of this region is Hindi, however, “Kanthhalee-Bolee” composed of words from Malwi, Mewari and Vagdee (local dilects) is commonly spoken in villages.
- In 2011, Pratapgarh had population of 8,67,848. As of 2011, it was (may be now also) the second least populous district of Rajasthan (out of 33), after Jaisalmer.
- There was change of 22.78 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001.
- Population density of Pratapgarh district for 2011 is 195 people per km2
- Sex Ratio in Pratapgarh stood at 983 females per 1000 male.
Pratapgarh District GK in Hindi प्रतापगढ़ जिला Rajasthan GK in Hindi
Pratapgarh district, a part of Udaipur Division is the 33rd district of Rajasthan. It was created on 26 January 2008. Pratapgarh town is the administrative headquarter of the district. This district with enough historic importance is well known for pure gold and glass-inlay handmade unique jewelry called ‘Thewa’.
Pratapgarh district have 5 Tehsils namely- Pratapgarh, Chhotee Sadri, Dhariyawad, Arnod and Peepalkhoont.
Tourist Places In Pratapgarh District
- Sita Mata wild Sanctuary
- Devgarh Fort
- Jata Shankar
- Mahadev Temple
- Gupta- Ganga
- India-pati Hanuman ji
- Ambaa Mata Temple
Pratapgarh District Location
Pratapgarh district issituated in the junction of the Aravali mountain ranges and the Malwa Plateau. It is sorrounded by Chittorgarh on the north, Udaipur district on the west , Banswara on the south- west and by Madhya Pradesh on the south and south east. Pratap garh district is about 177 kms away from the district headquarter of Udaipur.
Pratapgarh District Climate
The climate of Pratapgarh is characterized by Sub-tropical dry climate with distinct hot summer, cold winter and rainy monsoon. The highest temperature goes avove 43°C in May-June and the lowest up to 6 °C in December-January. The district also experiences average rainfall during the period from June-September.
Transportation In Pratapgarh District
Pratapgarhis well connected by road with major cities in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujrat. Regular government and private buses are available. It is the only district without rail-connectivity in Rajasthan state. The Maharan pratap airport at Udaipur is the nearest airport to the district headquarter and is almost 155 kms away. This airport is served by a good number of flights from Jaipur and other cities.
Sita Mata Wildlife Sanctuary
The most conspicuous animal of the Sita Mata sanctuary is the flying squirrel which can be seen gliding from one tree to another after sunset. Its activities are nocturnal and during the day the day it hides in the hollow. The best time to see this squirrel is between February and March at Arampura Forest Guest House, when most of the trees shed their leaves and it is easier to spot the squirrel on the branches of leafless trees. Here are some more facts about Pratapgarh and Sita Mata wildlife sanctuary, Pratapgarh Rajasthan in Hindi.
– प्रतापगढ़ में कुल पाँच उपखण्ड हैं : छोटी सादडी, प्रतापगढ़, अरनोद, पीपलखूंट और धरियावद ।
‘कान्ठली’ स्थानीय ग्रामीण बोली है ।
– सीतामाता वन्यजीव अभयारण्य, जहाँ बहने वाली जाखम नदी एवं में महुआ पेड़ के के कोटर में पायी जाने वाली उड़न गिलहरी प्रमुख आकर्षण हैं
– गौतमेश्वर तीर्थ आदिवासियों का एक प्रमुख ‘तीर्थ’ है । यहाँ ‘मीणा’ समाज के जनजातीय श्रृद्धालुओं का सालाना-मेला भरता है, जिसमें दूर-दूर तक के हजारों आदिवासी जोर-शोर से हिस्सा लेते हैं।– प्रतापगढ़ की विशिष्ट हस्तकला ‘थेवा’ कला प्रसिद्ध है । कांच पर मीनाकारी के आभूषण बनाने का हस्तशिल्प थेवा, जिसके आविष्कार का श्रेय पुराने ज़माने के एक स्वर्णकार नाथूजी सोनी को दिया जाता है ।
– इतिहासकार गौरीशंकर हीराचंद ओझा (1863–1947) के अनुसार “प्रतापगढ़ का सूर्यवंशीय राजपूत राजपरिवार मेवाड़ के गुहिल वंश की सिसोदिया शाखा से सम्बद्ध रहा है”।
– मौताणा यहां की एक विशिष्ट परम्परा है, जिसमे दुर्घटना में या अप्राकृतिक परिस्थितियों में मौत हो जाने पर सारी की सारी आदिवासी आबादी ‘दोषी’ या अपराधी का तब तक घेराव रखती है, जब तक उसके द्वारा नकद मुआवजे का इंतजाम नहीं कर दिया जाता.
– प्रतापगढ़ अफीम का बड़ा उत्पादक जिला है साथ ही महुए से शराब बनाना एक आम बात है
– जाति-बिरादरी का सहभोज ‘मोसर‘ हर शादी में आयोजित होता है। बहुपत्नी विवाह का प्रचलन है साथ ही बाल विवाह की कुप्रथा का यहाँ राजस्थान के बाकि हिस्सों के मुकाबले प्रचलन कम है ।
– पहनावा: स्त्रियां सिर पर ‘बोर’ या ‘बोरला’, पांवों में ‘कड़ी’, बाहों में ‘बाजूबंद’, बालों में ‘लड़ी-झुमका’, उँगलियों में अंगूठियां और नाक में ‘नथ’ या ‘लॉन्ग’ धारण करती हैं। आदमी अक्सर साफा, पाग(पगड़ी) धोती और सूती कमीज़ या अंगरखा-कुर्ता पहनते हैं ।
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