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Baran District GK in Hindi बारां जिला Rajasthan GK in Hindi
बारां जिले का संक्षिप्त इतिहास
रामगढ़ के मन्दिरों से प्राप्त शिलालेखों से पता चलता है कि रामगढ़ दसवीं शताब्दी में मलयवर्मन तथा तेरहवीं शताब्दी में मेढ़त वंशीय राजाओं के अधीन था। इसके बाद रामगढ़ क्रमशः खींचियों, गोड़ वंश, मालवों के अधिपत्य में रहा। अन्त में यहां बूंदी में हाड़ाओं का वर्चस्व स्थापित हुआ। बाद में यह परगना कोटा के आधिपत्य में चला गया। रामगढ़ की डूंगरी के घेरे में माला की तलाई पुष्कर सागर, बड़ा व नोलखा तालाब हैं। माता की तलाई में बाहर महीने पानी रहता है। पांचवां तालाब रावण जी की तलाई रामगढ़ गांव से बाहर है। रामगढ़ की डूंगरी ज्वालामुखी के कारण तश्तरी की बनावट में चारों ओर से गोलाकार है, जहां सरोवर, मन्दिर, बाग, कुएं, बावड़िया, छतरियां, मठ, समाधियां आदि हैं। रामगढ़ में प्रसिद्ध देवी मन्दिर है जहां तक पहुंचने के लिए झाला जालिम सिंह ने 751 सीढ़ियों का निर्माण करवाया था।
बारां जिला मुख्यालय से 45 किलोमीटर की दूरी पर प्राकृतिक छटा से भरपूर सीताबाड़ी का धार्मिक एवं रमणीय स्थल है। पूर्व के सात कुंडो में से वर्तमान में 3 या 4 कुण्ड ही सलामत है। यहां के आठ फीट गहरे सूरज कुण्ड में यदि सूई भी डाल दी जाए तो वह चमकती है। लक्ष्मण कुण्ड, सीता कुण्ड व वाल्मीकि का आश्रम के साथ सीताबाड़ी यहां की सहरिया जनजाति का प्रमुख आस्था स्थल है।
बारां के किले
बारां के मेले
सीताबाड़ी का मेला
बारां नगर से पूर्व दिशा में शाहबाद-शिवपुरी-ग्वालियर मार्ग पर 44 कि.मी दूर केलवाड़ा कस्बे के निकट पवित्र धाम सीताबाड़ी है। आदिवासी वनवासी क्षेत्र में यह लोकतीर्थ रूप से मान्य व पूजित है। सीताबाड़ी के बारे में लोक आस्था प्रचलित है कि भगवान राम के सीता के परित्याग के उपरान्त सीता ने अपना निर्वासन काल यहां वाल्मीकि आश्रम में व्यतीत किया था। लवकुश की जन्मस्थली व राम सेना से उनके समर की साक्षी सीताबाड़ी अपने प्राकृतिक सौन्दर्य, भूमि से निकलती जलधारा व सघन आम्र कुंज के कारण भीषण गर्मी में भी आनंददायक शीतलता के लिए विख्यात है। ज्येष्ठ मास की अमावस्या पर यहां विशाल मेला भरता है, जो जिले का सबसे बड़ा लक्खी मेला है। मेले में लाखों आते हैं। वनवासी जनजाती सहरिया परिवारों के लिए सीताबाड़ी का मेला कुंभ मेला है। सीताबाड़ी में सात कुण्ड हैं। वाल्मीकि आश्रम, सीता कुण्ड, लक्ष्मण कुण्ड, सूर्य कुण्ड व नवनिर्मित लवकुश कुण्ड सही दशा में है। पास मे सीताकुटी है। यह मेला पशु मेला भी है। अच्छी नस्ल के पशु विशेषकर बैल, गाय, भैंसों का क्रय-विक्रय होता है।
ब्रह्माणी माता का मेला
पिपलोद का क्रिसमस मेला
मऊ का वसन्त पंचमी मेला
गूगोर माता का मेला
Baran District GK in Hindi बारां जिला Rajasthan GK in Hindi
Baran: History, Geography, Places
Location, Area & Administration:
The district of Baran extends from 24-25′ to 25-25′ North latitudes, 76-12′ to 77-26′ east longitudes and is located at altitude of 265 meters from sea-level. Baran is located on south-east corner of rajasthan and touches Shoepur, Shivpuri and Guna Districts of Madhya Pradesh along east side. Further, Baran is bordered in north-west by Kota and south-west by Jhalawar District of Rajasthan State.
Baran has an area of 6,955 Sq. Kms and is divided into 8 tehsils for purpose of administration namely Anta, Atru, Baran, Chhabra, Chipabarod, Kishanganj, Mangrol & Shahbad.
History of Baran:
Baran city was under Solanki Rajputs in the 14th -15th century. The area was named ‘Baran’ owing to the twelve villages under Solanki’s.. There are also saying that since the soils of the area is mostly ‘Barani’ so it is called ‘Baran’.
Before Indian independence in 1947, most of present-day Baran District was part of the princely state of Kota, although Shahabad tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Jhalawar princely state, and Chhabra tehsil was a discontinuous portion of Tonk princely state.
Post Independence, the rulers of the princely states acceded to the Government of India .On 31 March’ 1949, Rajasthan was reconstituted and Baran was converted into Sub Division headquarters of Kota district.
The present district Baran was carved out of erstwhile Kota District on 10th April 1991.
Historical Places of Baran:
Shahabad fort is one of the strongest fort in Hadoti area. It is located at about 80 km. from Baran. Shahbad fort was constructed by the Chauhan Vanshi Dhandhel Rajput Mukutmani Dev in the 1521 A.D. (Samvat 1577). This is situated in the dense forest area on the high mountain ranges and is surrounded by Kundakoh valley, waterfalls and a lake. The Topkhana (artillery) has Nawalbaan tope(cannon), Barudkhana and some temples in the forts are still secure.
Shergarh fort is situated in Atru tehsil, about 65 km. from Baran district headquaters. The fort is located atop a hillock on the bank of Parban river. Shershan named the fort as Koshvardhan. A stone edict of 790 AD proves the antiquity of the place.
Sitabari is situated in Kelwara kasba on National Highway road connecting Shivpuri- Gwalior. The place has mythological significance and worshipped as the area where ‘Sita mata’ lived after being left-out by Lord Rama. This place is also known as the birthplace of Lav & Kush. There are several Kunds in Sitabari namely Balmiki Kund, Sita Kund, Laxman Kund, Surya Kund, Lav-Kush Kund. Sita-Kuti is also situated in the forest area near the temple. The tribal Sahariya fair is held at this place in the May/June every year.
Ramgarh-Bhand Devra temples are situated about 40 km. from Baran. The Shiv Mandir of Ramgarh was built in 10th century on the Khajuraho style. Due to the Maithun Statues, the place is named as Bhand Devra. This temple is situated on the bank of pond and is now under the Archaeological department. This temple is known as Rajasthan’s mini Khajuraho. the best way to reach the temple is by a jeep or car.
Nahar Garh Fort
The fort is about 73 km. from Baran in Kishanganj tehsil. Fort is an impressive structure in red stone and a fine example of the Mughal architecture.
Kanya Dah- Bilas Garh
Bilasgarh is situated in Kishanganj tehsil. Bilasgarh was the big city during the Khechi kingdom which was destroyed to ruins by the order of Aurangazeb.
It is said that the daughter of the king Khechi was very beautiful and for her Aurangazeb send his force and ruined the city Bilasgarh. The princess ended her life in the ‘Bilasi’ river, the spot is now known as Kanyadeah. The ruins of the Bilasgarh is still situated in the lonely place inside dense forest area.
Festivals & Fairs of Baran:
Dolmela is organised at the Dol Talab (Pond) in the Baran city from Jaljhulni Akadshi. The main attraction of this festival is a big Shobha Yatra (procession) which have about 54 Dev Viman (The Holy Statue Carriers) which is also known as DOL, of all the major temples of the city. In this procession some Akhadas also demonstrates their Kartab (type of physical exercise). The procession started from Shreeji temple comes to the Dol Talab where all the Dev Vimans are worshiped and then these are sent back to the respective temples. This fair is organised for 15 days which is very popular among the local residents as well as the residents from the Rajasthan state. People from adjoining Madhya Pradesh also visit for this fair. This fair is the symbol of communal harmony in the area.
Sita Bari Mela
Sitabri is located near Kelwara kasba, about 45 km from the Baran city. A tribal fair is organised here on Jeshta Amavasya and is attended by Sahariya tribe in large numbers. Hence, it is also considered as Kumbh in the Sahariya tribe. The Swyambar (marriage function) of Sahariya tribes is organised in this fair where people comes from all over Rajasthan state and adjoining Madhya Pradesh A Sahariya boy drops the handkerchief for proposing Sahariya girl in the fair, if the Sahariya girl accepts the Handkerchief, it is said that they are agreed for marriage. The bride and grooms take the 7 rounds (sat phere) of the Barnawa tree and after the blessings of their parents they are accepted as married couple. This fair is also called animal fair where good varieties of Cow, Buffalo etc. selling-purchasing are made.
Phuldol is the one of the oldest folk festival of the Rajasthan state. The festival is organized yearly in the Kishanganj town on the occasion of Holi. As a part of tradition groom visits in-laws home with his friends to play Holi. On the day of Holi-Dulandi, lots of Swang (type of drama) is played. Some of the famous swangs are Gidh-Rawan-Yudh, Band-Bandi swang etc. In the night big ‘Shobhayatra’ known as ‘PhulDolo’ is taken out in the town. Lots of people from nearby places come to witness the festival.
Brahmani Mataji Mela
Brahmani Mata fair is organized in the old fort near Sorsan. The fair is organized on Magh-Shukla-Saptmi and is the only Donkey fair in the Hadoti region where donkey and kachhar are bought-sold in large numbers.
Piplod Christmas fair
This fair is organised in the only Church of the Baran district in the village Piplod in Atru tehsil. This fair is organised on 25 December every year. Though the fair belongs to christians, but locals belonging to hindu & muslim faiths also participate equally.
Geography of Baran:
The land in Baran slopes gently northward beginning from the high table land of Malwa in Madhya Pradesh. The land is generally fertile. There are hills in the South, North and Eastern portion of the district. The hills in the east of Shahabad tehsil, have the highest point, named as Mamooni (546 meters above mean sea level) in the district. These hills form part of Aravali Ranges. Their slopes are gently and steep and they are mostly covered by woods. The land of the district slopes gently from South to North and the drainage is through tributaries of Chambal, Parbati & Parwan.
Parbati or Parvati rises in Sehor area of Vindhyas and flows in North-West direction to enter Baran near Karayahat. It flows through Baran & Kota and meets Chambal at paliya village near Kota border.
Sorsan Wildlife Sanctuary
Sorasan Wildlife Sanctuary is located on a a flat stony plateau of uninhabitable scrub land with a number of small water bodies that can sustain variety of birds, animals, and reptiles. The sanctuary has area of 41 sq. km and lies between river Parwan, running on its western limit and villages with fertile, irrigated, arable land on the east.
According to the 2011 census, Baran has a population of around 12,23,921 of which 79.21 percent is rural & 20.79 percent is urban. Baran has a sex ratio of 926 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.38%. Further, Baran has a population density of 175 inhabitants per square kilometer.
District Baran was earlier a part of Kota district and carved out on 10th April 1991.The district got the name from the town Baran . It is also the district headquater. Baran district comes under parliamentry constituency Jhalawar-Baran. It is divided into four assembly constutuencies namely Anta, Kishanganj, Baran-Atru & Chhabra. Hadoti is the main dialect of Baran district. There are eight tehsils in the district namely Baran, Anta, Atru, Mangrol, Chhabra, Chhipabarod, Kishanganj & Shahabad. For administrative purposes, the district has been divided into three sub-division viz., Baran, Shahbad and Chhabra consisting altogether of seven tehsils.
Tourist Places In Baran District
The district has a number of tourist destinations like Sitabari, Kakoni, Shahabad Fort, Shergarh Fort, Kanyadeah – Bilas garh, Brahmani Mataji Temple, Shahi Jama Masjid, Manihara Mahadevji Mandir, Kapildhara, Ramgarh – Bhand Devra and Tapasviyo ki Bagechi. It is also famous for Sitabari Fair.
Baran District Location
Baran’s North-Western and Northern boundaries are manned by Kota, Bundi and Jhalawar, Chittaurgarh forms its western borders.
Baran District Climate
Baran district has hot and dry climate during summers but winters has enjoyable climate. The mean daily maximum temperature is 42.6 degrees celsius and the mean daily minimum temperature is 29.7 degrees celsius.
Transportation In Baran District
The district is well connected to all district headquarters of the State. The total road length in the district was 1,491 kms as on 31 March 2000. The nearest airport is at Jaipur (239 kms). The Baran Railway Station is connected to major parts of the country by frequent trains. Trains for Bhopal, Jaipur, Jodhpur, and Kota are regularly available from this railway station.
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